css-to-half-character

How to Apply CSS to half of a character

You wish to decorate your html page by applying different colors to the same character/letter? In this article we get to see how to apply CSS to half of a character.

Kindly note that Please the methods mentioned below don’t enhance legibility and readability for people with poor vision, learning disabilities, aphasia, dyslexia or low adult literacy.

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Example 1

In this first example, we use pure CSS to decorate single character and JavaScript for decorating multiple characters. Meanwhile, we take care of Text Accessibility for the sake of screen readers for the blind or visually impaired users.

<html>
    <head>
        <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.11.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
        <style>
 .halfStyle {
    position: relative;
    display: inline-block;
    font-size: 120px; /* or any font size will work */
    color: transparent; /* hide the base character */
    overflow: hidden;
    white-space: pre; /* to preserve the spaces from collapsing */
}

.halfStyle:before { /* creates the left part */
    display: block;
    z-index: 1;
    position: absolute;
    top: 0;
    width: 50%;
    content: attr(data-content); /* dynamic content for the pseudo element */
    overflow: hidden;
    pointer-events: none; /* so the base char is selectable by mouse */
    color: #f00; /* for demo purposes */
    text-shadow: 2px -2px 0px #af0; /* for demo purposes */
}

.halfStyle:after { /* creates the right part */
    display: block;
    direction: rtl; /* very important, will make the width to start from right */
    position: absolute;
    z-index: 2;
    top: 0;
    left: 50%;
    width: 50%;
    content: attr(data-content); /* dynamic content for the pseudo element */
    overflow: hidden;
    pointer-events: none; /* so the base char is selectable by mouse */
    color: #000; /* for demo purposes */
    text-shadow: 2px 2px 0px #0af; /* for demo purposes */
}
        </style>
        
        
        
<script>
  jQuery(function($) {
    var text, chars, $el, i, output;

    // Iterate over all class occurences
    $('.textToHalfStyle').each(function(idx, el) {
        $el = $(el);
        text = $el.text();
        chars = text.split('');

        // Set the screen-reader text
        $el.html('<span style="position: absolute !important;clip: rect(1px 1px 1px 1px);clip: rect(1px, 1px, 1px, 1px);">' + text + '</span>');

        // Reset output for appending
        output = '';

        // Iterate over all chars in the text
        for (i = 0; i < chars.length; i++) {
            // Create a styled element for each character and append to container
            output += '<span aria-hidden="true" class="halfStyle" data-content="' + chars[i] + '">' + chars[i] + '</span>';
        }

        // Write to DOM only once
        $el.append(output);
    });
});
</script>
    </head>
    <body>
 
<p>Single Characters:</p>
<span class="halfStyle" data-content="X">A</span>
<span class="halfStyle" data-content="Y">B</span>
<span class="halfStyle" data-content="Z">C</span>
<span class="halfStyle" data-content="A">D</span>

<hr/>
<p>Automated:</p>

<span class="textToHalfStyle">Jambo Jumbo.</span>
    </body>
</html>

Outcome of CSS/JavaScript Half Character Code

applying-css-to-half-character
Applying CSS to Half Character
Get Code
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Example 2

In our second example, we see another way on how to apply CSS to half of a character. Here we present an advanced code in which the left side is independent of the right side.

JavaScript Code

jQuery(function($) {
    var text, chars, $el, i, output;

    // Iterate over all class occurences
    $('.textToHalfStyle').each(function(idx, el) {
        $el = $(el);
        text = $el.text();
        chars = text.split('');

        // Set the screen-reader text
        $el.html('<span style="position: absolute !important;clip: rect(1px 1px 1px 1px);clip: rect(1px, 1px, 1px, 1px);">' + text + '</span>');

        // Reset output for appending
        output = '';

        // Iterate over all chars in the text
        for (i = 0; i < chars.length; i++) {
            // Create a styled element for each character and append to container
            output += '<span aria-hidden="true" class="halfStyle" data-content="' + chars[i] + '">' + chars[i] + '</span>';
        }

        // Write to DOM only once
        $el.append(output);
    });
});

CSS and HTML Code

.halfStyle {
    position: relative;
    display: inline-block;
    font-size: 80px; /* or any font size will work */
    color: transparent; /* hide the base character */
    overflow: hidden;
    white-space: pre; /* to preserve the spaces from collapsing */
}

.halfStyle:before { /* creates the left part */
    display: block;
    z-index: 1;
    position: absolute;
    top: 0;
    width: 50%;
    content: attr(data-content); /* dynamic content for the pseudo element */
    overflow: hidden;
    pointer-events: none; /* so the base char is selectable by mouse */
    color: #f00; /* for demo purposes */
    text-shadow: 2px -2px 0px #af0; /* for demo purposes */
}

.halfStyle:after { /* creates the right part */
    display: block;
    direction: rtl; /* very important, will make the width to start from right */
    position: absolute;
    z-index: 2;
    top: 0;
    left: 50%;
    width: 50%;
    content: attr(data-content); /* dynamic content for the pseudo element */
    overflow: hidden;
    pointer-events: none; /* so the base char is selectable by mouse */
    color: #000; /* for demo purposes */
    text-shadow: 2px 2px 0px #0af; /* for demo purposes */
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.11.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<p>Single Characters:</p>
<span class="halfStyle" data-content="X">X</span>
<span class="halfStyle" data-content="Y">Y</span>
<span class="halfStyle" data-content="Z">Z</span>
<span class="halfStyle" data-content="A">A</span>

<hr/>
<p>Automated:</p>

<span class="textToHalfStyle">Half-style, please.</span>

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